Environmental taxes put a price on pollution, leading consumers and producers to make due allowance for the environment in their decision-making. Provided the price is sufficiently high and green alternatives are available, financial instruments can provide a constant incentive for making more efficient use of energy and other natural resources - and at the same time promote innovation in the Dutch economy.
The aim of CE Delft’s work on the theme of Financial instruments is to help government, industry and NGOs design and evaluate such instruments in the context of climate and environmental policy. Our work on this theme focuses on the following areas:
- ‘Fiscal greening’ of both national and local tax systems.
- Reviewing the costs and achievements of financial instruments, whether ex-ante (beforehand), ex-durante (during) or ex-post (afterwards).
- Assessing the impact of taxes on the overall tax burden, purchasing power and competitiveness, for consumers and industry.
- Consultancy on the design of effective, cost-efficient and practicable environmental taxes.
Among the major studies carried out by CE Delft in this field are studies on greening the Dutch tax system (‘Tax Plan 2009’) and follow-up studies on reviewing the base of the private vehicle purchase tax. In doing so, CE Delft has demonstrated its ability to develop concrete, valuable and practicable options for greening the tax system. Over the years it has also contributed to the work of the Netherlands Tax Study Commission on future greening of the country’s tax system.
CE Delft supports national ministries, international bodies and NGOs on policy preparation and implementation. Our clients include the Dutch ministries of Infrastructure & Environment, Finance and Economic Affairs, the Netherlands Court of Audit, the Dutch Taskforce on Biodiversity, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, the Dutch Banking Association and the Dutch Parliament. Many of the studies concerned were instigated by interdepartmental policy committees.
For more information, please contact Martijn Blom
Publicly available reports
Below is a list of all the publicly available reports relating to the theme of Financial instruments.
- For whom are the costs and benefits of climate policy?
- SCEA of solar-PV and onshore wind. A comparison of costs and social effects
- Exploratory study of impacts of STRONG on economic welfare
- Evaluation of an energy charge tariff for greenhouse horticulture
- Review of the Dutch SDE+ Renewable Energy Scheme
- Economic impacts of shale-gas recovery in the Noordoostpolder
- Manual for sustainable procurement of PVC piping
- Green energy incentive scheme for auto-producers
- Ex-post investigation of cost pass-through in the EU ETS
- Heat SCBA on Amsterdam Metropolitan Area
- Societal impacts of alternatives for gas production from the Groningen gas field
- Renewable energy in the Dutch Long-Term Agreement on Energy Efficiency
- CO2-differentiated road charges for HGVs
- Carbon Added Tax as an alternative climate policy instrument
- Tax exemptions and reductions for domestic commercial air passenger transport in France
- Shale gas in the Netherlands
- Knock-on economic effects of a biobased economy
- Calculations for Sustainable Leiden
- Energy support measures and their impact on innovation in the renewable energy sector in Europe
- Business models for district-based groundwater management
- Greening the Flemish tax system
- Review of Energy Top Sector
- Subsidies and costs of EU energy
- Offshore wind power: Arguments in the public debate and political decision-making process
- Macro-economic impacts of transition policy in the urban environment
- Preparations for the ‘Concrete 2.0’ agreement under ‘Concrete Green Deal’
- Exploratory study on the (economic) value of Drechtsteden region subsurface resources
- Social cost-benefit analysis of heat in Zuid-Holland
- Economic radar of the biobased economy in the Netherlands
- Feebate Simulation Tool: User Guide
- Energy conservation in the existing Dutch private housing stock
- Is 'fiscal greening' good for the economy?
- Clean and green in the Dutch economy
- A study into charges to incentivize separate collection and recycling of commercial waste
- Socio-economic opportunities of the biobased economy in the south-west of the Netherlands
- Energy conservation for a sustainable energy supply
- SCBA of Lage Weide wind farm
- Building, jobs and affordable energy in the north of the Netherlands
- The environmental and economic benefits of the Dutch 'Green Financing Scheme'
- New jobs in the building sector
Employment effects of energy conservation in the built environment
- Ecosystem benefits of European Natura 2000 areas: economic valuation and capture
- Terra incognita: the economic value of land
- Non-fiscal price incentives
The energy-efficiency impact of differentiated energy prices
- The social costs and benefits of smart grids
- Will the energy-intensive industry profit from EU ETS under Phase 3?
- The environmental impact of the Dutch packaging tax
- Dutch Energy Efficiency Benchmarking Covenant: Results and energy tax exemptions
- An energy tax benchmark for greenhouse horticulture
- Renewable electricity: subsidised or compulsory?
- Working together towards green urban distribution
- Cost allocation under the EU ETS
- Limits to green? Greening tax system in the Netherlands