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CE Mailvision issue 22, July 2015

Investments and costs low-carbon economy

The costs associated with decarbonising the European economy have been widely analysed. In the medium term, costs will rise as a result of increased investments and internalization of externalities, leading to public perceptions that costs are spiralling. This study examines the bottlenecks in the transition to a low-carbon economy in the various sectors of the economy, identifies macro-economic risks and investigates to what extent current policy instruments are fit-for-purpose in addressing the challenges that lie ahead. More information: Sander de Bruyn +31(0)15-2150 150. naar boven

Preferred supplier DSM

Under the ECO+ Program implemented in 2009, Dutch chemicals multinational DSM is assessing the environmental footprint of a growing number of its products. In the past CE Delft has regularly carried out LCAs on the company’s products, while DSM’s own LCA team has also conducted such studies, with a review role for CE Delft. This collaboration is valued by both parties and DSM has now concluded a new preferred supplier contract with CE Delft, whose help will be enlisted primarily for the more complex LCAs. The reason cited by DSM for opting for CE Delft: "We selected you for a number of reasons - an excellent reputation and specialists in key areas of interest for DSM. Your approach is both professional and pragmatic, enabling a very constructive and relaxed working relationship." More information: Geert Bergsma +31(0)15-2150 150. naar boven

Framework on aviation and airports

The Dutch ministry of Infrastructure and Environment has granted CE Delft a framework contract on ‘Aviation and Airports’, on which we will be collaborating with ADECS Airinfra, Arcadis,  MovingDot and TAKS. The contract, running for two years with two options for one-year extension, provides scope for work on the following issues: flight and taxiing routes, flight safety, off-site safety, noise and other impacts, as well as the broader relationship between airports and their surroundings.
More information: Jasper Faber +31(0)15-2150 150. naar boven

Carbon Added Tax

Tougher EU policies on CO2 emissions generally impact negatively on the competitiveness of EU companies on the world market. This is not the case, though, if the consumption of products with embodied carbon is taxed rather than their production. CE Delft has developed the concept of a Carbon Added Tax, analogous to today’s VAT. Replacement of VAT by CAT will lead to no net cost increase. While our calculations show that the envisaged CAT probably cannot replace VAT entirely, in the Netherlands VAT can be reduced from 21% to 4% in 2030. The benefits are that carbon costs are borne by consumers and that industrial competitiveness will not be affected by national differences in climate policy. Finally, such a move would encourage innovation, because companies would seek to reduce their CAT costs by cutting CO2 emissions. More information: Sander de Bruyn +31(0)15-2150 150. naar boven

Recycling wastewater phosphates

In collaboration with Witteveen + Bos and KNN, CE Delft is carrying out a study for STOWA, the Grondstoffenfabriek (‘resource factory’) and the Netherlands Enterprise Agency on phosphate recovery from wastewater, using Life Cycle Assessment to assess the environmental impacts of such a move. Because LCA is a relatively new concept for the wastewater treatment industry, this study will provide a reference point for future analyses. Water management agencies currently devote considerable efforts to phosphate removal from wastewater to prevent surface water eutrophication. At the same time, phosphate is a finite resource essential for crop and food production.
More information: Ingrid Odegard +31(0)15-2150 150. naar boven

External costs of heavy goods vehicles in the EU

In 2009 CE Delft published the study ‘Are trucks taking their toll?’, which assessed the contribution of heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) in the EU to emissions of CO2 and air pollutants, noise, traffic accidents and congestion. These impacts were also expressed in monetary terms. At the request of Transport & Environment, CE Delft has recently started work on updating these external cost estimates, to provide state-of-the-art data on the external and infrastructure costs of HGVs in the EU28 in 2013.
More information: Arno Schroten +31 15 2150 150. naar boven

Framework for energy efficiency expertise

Earlier this year, the European Commission’s DG Energy awarded a multiple framework contract on energy efficiency expertise to CE Delft, as part of a consortium led by Ricardo-AEA. The goal of the framework contract is to provide the Commission at short notice with support in the design, preparation and due implementation of EU initiatives and legislation in the field of energy efficiency. Employing a framework contract gives the Commission rapid access to a pool of expertise and the ability to draw on experienced consultants across a range of energy efficiency issues. The contract runs for 4 years. More information: Bettina Kampman +31(0)15-2150 150. naar boven

Economic valuation of environmental noise in France

CE Delft is providing support to the French public organisation EY France on a study on the economic valuation of environmental noise. To this end, an extensive literature review will be carried out to identify state-of-the-art valuation methodologies and establish cost data on environmental noise. The main aim of the study is to estimate the total costs of noise in France. Additionally, recommendations will be made on methodologies and cost figures that can be applied in economic studies (e.g. social cost-benefit analyses).
More information: Arno Schroten +31(0)15-2150 150. naar boven

Optimisation of Environmental Ship Index

The Rotterdam Port Authority has asked CE Delft to evaluate the Environmental Ship Index (ESI) and advise them on further development of the instrument. The assessment is being made in the framework of a research programme on reducing nitrogen deposition in ecologically sensitive areas in South Holland province. CE Delft is analysing the available data on shipping movements and interviewing stakeholders to record their experiences. CE Delft was involved in developing the ESI, which is currently used by over 30 ports around the world as a basis for reduced tariffs for cleaner vessels.
More information: Eelco den Boer +31(0)15-2150 150. naar boven

CO2 differentiation for trucks

Although road pricing schemes for trucks have been implemented in several European countries, the current Eurovignette Directive permits no differentiation of charges according to vehicle CO2 emissions. On behalf of Transport & Environment, CE Delft is studying the desirability of such differentiation and what implementation and design issues would need resolving prior to implementation. The prime aim of this scoping study is to identify the main issues and options to address them. More information: Arno Schroten +31(0)15-2150 150. naar boven

LNG for ships in the EU

By 2025 the European Commission aims to have a core network of LNG refuelling points in EU ports. This study, on finalization of an EU framework on LNG-fuelled vessels, will provide a market review of LNG and assess the obstacles preventing more rapid deployment  of LNG as a bunker fuel. First, the LNG bunkering market will be analysed. The cost structure of LNG-fuelled ships will then be assessed and compared with that of LNG-ready ships, vessels running on low-sulphur fuel and scrubber-equipped vessels. Finally, trends will be identified in the supply chain management of LNG bunker fuel and likely economic, environmental and social impacts.
More information: Jasper Faber +31(0)15-2150 150. naar boven