CE Mailvision issue 23, November 2015
- Availability shipping fuel oil 0.5% sulphur
- Passenger transport in EU member states: costs and revenues
- Sustainable acquisition at Rijkswaterstaat
- Advice Bundesamt on climate and maritime shipping
- Second-hand cars and fuel efficiency
- Sustainable biomass
- Emissions trading scheme for aviation
- Status of ILUC directive in member states
- Ban degassing inland shipping
- Recent publications
Availability shipping fuel oil 0.5% sulphur
In October 2008, MEPC 58 agreed to reduce the maximum sulphur content of shipping fuel to 3.5% m/m as of 2012 and to 0.5% from 2020 onwards. CE Delft has been commissioned to assess the availability of fuel oil with a maximum sulphur content of 0.5% by 2020, comparing demand for and supply of compliant fuel oil by that year. The final report will form the basis for a submission by the IMO Secretariat to MEPC 70. More information: Jasper Faber +31(0)15-2150 150.
Passenger transport in EU member states: costs and revenues
What are the infrastructure costs and tax revenues of road transport (passenger cars) in the 28 EU member states? This is the question the Federation Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA) has asked CE Delft to answer. This is by no means straightforward, because each country employs different premises for calculating expenditure on infrastructure and relevant data are often hard to come by. The study will yield an intercomparison between member states. More information: Arno Schroten +31(0)15-2150 150.
Sustainable acquisition at Rijkswaterstaat
Rijkswaterstaat, the Dutch Directorate-General for Public Works and Water Manage¬ment, buys numerous services in the realm of infrastructure design, construction, management and maintenance. By adopting a more sustainable acquisition policy, the agency seeks to achieve a 20% reduction in the environmental footprint of its material consumption by 2020. CE Delft is to support them in this aim by calculating the footprint in 2010, by developing and standardizing measuring and monitoring methods in this area, and by making recommendations for achieving the envisaged 20% reduction in 2020 relative to the reference year 2010. More information: Marit van Lieshout +31(0)15-2150 150.
Advice Bundesamt on climate and maritime shipping
Over the next two years, CE Delft, Öko-Institut, Marena Ltd. and the University of Rostock are to advise the German Federal Environmental Agency (Umweltbundesamt, UBA) on climate protection and maritime shipping, focusing on CO2 policy and black carbon at the IMO level and CO2 policy at the European level. The project team will be supporting the UBA by providing ad hoc advice and background reports. The University of Rostock will also be performing black carbon measurements, thus supporting the UBA in responding to an appeal by the IMO to make such measurements to increase knowledge about available monitoring methods. More information: Jasper Faber +31(0)15-2150 150.
Second-hand cars and fuel efficiency
Technologies that improve the fuel efficiency of new cars (to reduce their CO2 emissions) often make the vehicles more expensive. The European Commission has asked CE Delft to examine who should pay these additional costs: only the owner of the newly purchased vehicle or, in part, also the consumer buying it later on the second-hand market? If the latter, investments in new, more fuel-efficient cars will be partly recuperated via the second-hand price, thus reducing the price barrier for new vehicles with such technologies. More information: Arno Schroten +31(0)15-2150 150.
At the request of the Dutch Sustainable Biomass Commission (Corbey Commission) CE Delft is investigating how more sustainable biomass can be rewarded in comparison with biomass ‘merely’ satisfying the minimum sustainability criteria. We anticipate such rewards for sustainability becoming a key issue in post-2020 biomass policy, EU-wide as well as in individual member states. At CE Delft, biomass encompasses a broad range of subjects: bio-energy (gas, electricity, heat), biofuels and bio-resources (biobased economy), including work on development and implementation of sustainability criteria. More information: Cor Leguijt +31(0)15-2150 150, CE Delft’s new coordinator of all work on biomass.
Emissions trading scheme for aviation
On behalf of the German Environmental Protection Agency (Umweltbundesamt), Öko-Institut, CE Delft and TAKS are to develop a market-based mechanism, or emissions trading scheme, for aviation that is optimal from both an ecological and an economic perspective. It will be used as a reference and benchmark for the market-based mechanism negotiated under the auspices of the ICAO. More information: Jasper Faber +31(0)15-2150 150.
Status of ILUC directive in member states
The EU’s recently published ILUC directive includes provisions on how member states should limit indirect land use change associated with biofuel consumption. The main provisions are a cap on food-crop-based biofuels and a subtarget for advanced biofuels. Member states are obliged to transpose the directive into national legislation by mid-2017 and must establish the level of their national indicative sub-targets for advanced biofuels within 18 months. For the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT), CE Delft is currently investigating the intentions and plans of 10 member states to improve insight into how the directive will be implemented in practice. More information: Bettina Kampman +31(0)15-2150 150.
Ban degassing inland shipping
CE Delft has been commissioned by Zuid-Holland provincial executive to assess the implications of a provincial ban on open-air degassing by inland shipping within the province. The study will estimate the required degassing installation capacity and the effect on the required number of special berths for ships with toxic loads. There are three options for vessels: they can degas at vapour processing facilities, avoid the need for degassing by finding compatible or dedicated loads, or degas outside provincial boundaries. The provinces of North-Brabant and Zuid-Holland are forerunners in banning degassing to the atmosphere on inland waterways, in anticipation of an international ban based on a future international CDNI treaty. More information: Diederik Jaspers +31(0)15-2150 150.