CE Mailvision issue 24, March 2016
- Storing renewable energy as ammonia
- Wind propulsion for ships
- External and infrastructure costs of freight transport in the EU-28
- Heating and cooling advice for Committee of the Regions
- Funding energy-efficiency measures
- Optimal use of biogas post-2020
- 3rd follow-up study on Article 7 of the EED
- Impact low shipping fuel sulphur content
- CO2 reduction and transition to a circular economy
- Recent publications
Storing renewable energy as ammonia
CE Delft is participating in a consortium of energy and chemical industries in the Netherlands in a project named Power to Ammonia that will investigate the extent to which ammonia can be locally produced using renewable electricity. As installed wind and solar capacity continues to grow, there will be frequent periods with surplus renewable electricity, which can be locally converted to ammonia in small-scale installations. More information: Maarten Afman +31(0)15-2150 150.
Wind propulsion for ships
In the medium to long term maritime transport needs to be decarbonised, which will require use of renewable energy sources. The European Commission (DG CLIMA B3) has therefore tendered a study on the analysis of wind propulsion technologies for shipping vessels, which has been awarded to a consortium led by CE Delft, together with the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research, Fraunhofer ISI and Chalmers University of Technology. The study will identify relevant wind propulsion technologies and their deployment status, identify market potential, including CO2 reduction potentials and costs, analyse market barriers and develop possible actions at the EU and global level to promote the uptake of wind propulsion technologies. More information: Jasper Faber +31(0)15-2150 150.
External and infrastructure costs of freight transport in the EU-28
With possible future revision of the Eurovignette Directive now under discussion, CE Delft is asked to conduct a clear and transparent overview of the infrastructure and external costs and tax/charge revenues attributable to the European road freight transport sector as well as a fact-based comparison of these costs and revenues. The focus will be on motorway-related costs and revenues. More information: Arno Schroten +31(0)15-2150 150.
Heating and cooling advice for Committee of the Regions
This project aims to support the EU Committee of the Regions (CoR) in their work relating to the European Commission’s recently published heating and cooling strategy and the EU’s Energy Union policy. The study aims to provide EU-level policy recommendations, focusing on the role of local and regional authorities in the development and implementation of innovative heating and cooling and Combined Heat and Power (CHP) projects. CE Delft is leader of one of the tasks, which involves drafting an overview of relevant EU policies, and is responsible for one of the four case studies, to assess the district heating system of Purmerend. More information: Bettina Kampman +31(0)15-2150 150.
Funding energy-efficiency measures
To guarantee sufficient investment in energy efficiency in the coming years, there will have to be a major increase in input of private capital and funds from financial institutes. At the request of DG Energy, CE Delft is creating a database of the funding capacity for energy efficiency measures in 28 EU member states, in particular via public-private partnerships. The project aims, on the one hand, to provide insight into what works and what does not and, on the other, to identify the kind of funding required from the government: low-interest loans, guarantees or subsidies, for example. More information: Martijn Blom +31 (0)15 2150 150.
Optimal use of biogas post-2020
The aim of this study is to provide the European Commission with an up-to-date review of projections of EU biogas (including biomethane) potentials for 2020 and 2030 in the electricity, heating and transport sectors and their possible contribution to EU objectives in the field of climate change mitigation, energy security and resource efficiency. The study will identify existing technical, economic and administrative barriers to further development of biogas and discuss options for EU policy action to overcome the barriers identified. More information: Bettina Kampman +31(0)15-2150 150.
3rd follow-up study on Article 7 of the EED
This study on the EU’s Energy Efficiency Directive covers all 28 member states and relates specifically to Article 7 and Annex V of the directive. It comprises three tasks: to support the Commission with follow-up analysis and evaluation of the national measures and methodologies required for implementing Article 7; to provide a thorough analysis of the Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes (EEOS), including shortcomings and best practices; and to provide recommendations for improving implementation of Article 7 and Annex V in view of the Review of the EED. More information: Bettina Kampman +31(0)15-2150 150.
Impact low shipping fuel sulphur content
CE Delft has been asked by the German Nature and Biodiversity Union (NABU) to analyse the impact of the 2015 requirements in the EU’s emission control areas for sulphur (SECA). Since then, the maximum sulphur content of marine fuels used in SECAs has been reduced. However, the shipping industry claims there are several uncertainties: the availability of low-sulphur fuels, their life-cycle CO2 balance and their impact on prices and on the industry generally. This ex-post assessment of initial experience in Europe will provide input to the debate on lowering the sulphur content of globally used fuels. More information: Eelco den Boer +31(0)15-2150 150.
CO2 reduction and transition to a circular economy
To increase interest in increased recycling of waste streams and the transition to a circular economy, CE Delft is working on an informative magazine-style document addressing the potential CO2 savings of increased recycling and reuse of wastes. In this field, the emphasis is usually on measures like a carbon tax, increased energy efficiency and point-source emissions reduction measures. The magazine will contain appealing real-world examples of specific waste streams and calculations of the anticipated EU-wide CO2 savings of a shift from landfilling and incineration to recycling and reuse. The project is commissioned by the Dutch Knowledge Institute for Sustainable Packaging (KIDV) and is concerned with all municipal waste streams, thus not only with packaging. More information: Marijn Bijleveld +31(0)15-2150 150.