Policy     Economics     Technologies

A cost-effective share of bioenergy 2030

How do other options compare to bioenergy?

Europe's 2030 climate and energy package includes a 27% renewables target at the EU level. The central question addressed in this study is what the most cost-effective renewable energy mix is in 2030, given current and future cost structures. An additional question is how this mix compares with current renewable energy demand and with the projections of the EU reference scenarios for 2013 and 2016.

According to the Impact Assessment (IA) of the Commission, a relatively high share (over 60%) of this target will be met by bioenergy use. The expected share of bioenergy deployment in the IA in 2030 follows from calculations in the PRIMES model. While this model aims to calculate a price-based equilibrium under different policy scenarios, it is questionable whether the published PRIMES output truly reflects a cost-effective renewable energy mix for 2030 from a societal perspective. The reason is that higher discount rates than the social optimum have been applied. In addition, it is unclear what underlying assumptions have been made on the costs of the different technologies.

Transport and Environment, Birdlife Europe and the European Environmental Bureau therefore requested CE Delft to determine the most cost-effective optimal RES mix for the EU-28, Germany, France, Sweden, Spain, Poland and the UK, taking into account social discount rates and the most recent cost developments.

Authors CE

Sander de Bruyn
Maarten Afman
Geert Warringa
Ellen Schep

Delft, October 2016

Cost-effective share bioenergy 2030

Further information on this study can be obtained from Geert Warringa

Tweets by @cedelft

Waarom kiezen voor de planeconomie? Column Frans Rooijers over Klimaat- en Energieakkoord #energieakkoord op Energi… https://t.co/S4PPQTlB8z
13-12-2017 09:55

Article - Evaluating the environmental impact of debit card payments https://t.co/IfnNwC3p0b
07-12-2017 16:23

Rapport Net voor de Toekomst - scenario's voor investeringskeuzes van netbeheerders in infrastructuren https://t.co/W4mUsLCuZ0
07-12-2017 16:04

Gezamenlijke visie om Omgevingswet, regionale energiestrategie en warmtetransitieplan lokaal gelijk te gebruiken… https://t.co/YwHhzl338d
06-12-2017 16:30

Position paper @CEDelft t.b.v. hoorzitting/rondetafelgesprek Kunststofketen en zwerfafval Tweede Kamer d.d. 30 nove… https://t.co/fLEooSyZL6
30-11-2017 12:32