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Alternatives for co-firing biomass in coal plant

‘Quick Scan’ analysis of subsidy costs and other impacts of alternative policies under the Dutch Energy Agreement

CE Delft has been commissioned by the Netherlands Society for Nature and Environment (Natuur & Milieu) and energy company Eneco to:
  • investigate whether there are alternatives for biomass co-firing that have not yet been agreed to under the Energy Agreement;
  • calculate the subsidy costs and other impacts of such alternatives for the Netherlands.
This study shows that there are indeed alternatives for co-firing biomass in coal plant. For the period 2016-2020 the following two alternative scenarios are deemed realistic:
  1. A package comprising four renewable energy options, in which half the 25 PJ is implemented by greening the electricity market and half by greening the heat market. More specifically: an additional 700 MW wind farm, 0.6 Gigawatt peak capacity (GWp) solar, 7.5 PJ industrial bio-steam and 5 PJ biomass for district heating.
  2. The second alternative scenario involves converting the Amer 8 power plant in Noord-Brabant to burn 100% biomass. This would likewise secure the 25 PJ ‘renewables’ target.


Sander de Bruyn
Harry Croezen
Frans Rooijers
Geert Warringa
Robert Vergeer

Delft, March 2016

Alternatives for co-firing biomass in coal plant (Only available in Dutch)
English summary

More information:
Geert Warringa
+31-15 2150145


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