Calculating the external costs of emissions from different vehicles
Based on new emission data and with an analysis of future valuation
This report provides an up-to-date set of financial indices for Dutch transport emissions as well as a forecast of how these are likely to develop over the coming decades. The values assigned to emissions in this study are based on the IMPACT External Costs Manual prepared by CE Delft in 2007 on a commission from the European Commission. The emission factors and data on vehicle occupation and loading are based on the CE study ‘STREAM’.
Authors: Huib van Essen, Marc Davidson, Femke Brouwer