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The influence of a Gross Carbon Added Tax on food products

Higher or lower supermarket prices in 2030?

The Carbon Added Tax (CAT) is a cascaded-product-tax system, similar in design to the well-known Value Added Tax (VAT), but taxes embodied carbon instead of value. This report investigates the impact of a VAT for CAT substitution on prices of food products for 2030. In general, it can be said that prices for animal products will increase substantially, e.g. 16% for 24% for respectively milk and steak. On the other hand, prices for common fruits and vegetables go down (1-3%). As the Gross Carbon Added Tax (partially) substitutes VAT, price reductions never exceed 6% (VAT in the Netherlands).


Sander de Bruyn
Ingrid Odegard

Delft, March 2016

The influence of a Gross Carbon Added Tax on food products (only available in Dutch)

More information on this study can be obtained from Sander de Bruyn

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