This report analyses the environmental impact of the raw materials we import for domestic consumption in the Netherlands as well as the raw materials that are re-exported once they have been converted to products (thereby also contributing to our economic welfare). Using data from Netherlands Statistics (CBS), four kinds of impact are analysed: greenhouse gas emissions, toxic emissions, land use and biodiversity loss. The following raw materials are found to have a major impact on these themes: cacao, chemical feedstocks, coal, cereals, timber, paper, cotton, oilseeds, soy, steel, copper, aluminium, zinc, transport fuels, fish, meat, dairy and potatoes. For many of these commodities ‘cradle-to-grave’ policies are under development in the Netherlands (e.g. soy, aluminium, paper and cacao), but for others this is not yet the case. To an extent, moreover, these are ‘one-track’ policies focusing solely on energy issues, or on biodiversity loss. To ensure policies are not mutually incompatible, the various themes should be integrated. The report also presents a specific ranking of the commodities on the respective environmental themes.