Social costs and benefits of public buses

Under the Dutch Zero-Emission Bus Agreement, administrations at the national, provincial and regional level have pledged to have their bus fleets 100% zero-emission by 2030. CE Delft was commissioned by PitPoint to determine the total social costs of the various alternative fuels/drive trains for public-transport buses. To this end the financial and environmental costs of concession-operated buses were analysed, estimating the total service-life costs for concessionary fleets using the latest available data.

The scenario calculations indicate that major CO2-emissions reductions can be cost-effectively achieved if the transition to zero-emission is combined with use of biofuels. A transition using HVO as a fuel is relatively expensive. For new concession tenders the SCBA methodology presented here has advantages for establishing the most cost-effective zero-emission transition route. Using TCO calculations, as in this (and other) studies, provides a good means of optimizing for both CO2 emissions reduction and costs. 

For PitPoint we also provided a computing tool that allows assumptions and input values to be adjusted. For each specific situation user-designed transition scenarios can be fed in and the social costs and benefits per tonne avoided CO2 emissions calculated.


Maarten 't Hoen

Social costs and benefits of public buses (only available in Dutch)

Authors CE

Maarten 't Hoen
Jacobine Aalberts

Delft, September 2018