Maritime Shipping

Maritime shipping is of vital importance for the global economy and is an indispensable link between the Netherlands and other economies. CE Delft has decades of experience with research and consultancy on climate and environmental policy for ocean shipping.


Although maritime shipping is the most energy-efficient form of transport, it accounts for some 3% of global greenhouse gas emissions and is a major emitter of air pollutants. Given the targets set out in the Paris Agreement and the European Green Deal, these greenhouse gas emissions need to be reduced to zero over the next few decades. This will require new types of fuel, involving substantial renewable energy inputs for production and possibly new infrastructure for delivery to vessels, as well as on-board modifications. These changes will not happen of their own accord, but require insight, planning and policy.

Key fields of expertise

  • The policy context, at all levels, and relevant markets
  • Critical assessment of policy instruments
  • Technical and economic aspects of emission abatement
  • New fuels and innovative technologies

For the European Commission, CE Delft has carried out an in-depth analysis of worldwide and European measures to improve ships’ fuel efficiency and induce the shipping industry to switch to renewable fuels. For a number of years we’ve been advising the German Transport ministry on regulation of emissions and energy efficiency by the International Maritime Organisation, IMO. Jasper Faber was the lead author of the Fourth IMO Greenhouse Gas Study on historical and projected maritime shipping emissions that is currently the basis for the organisation’s policy efforts in this area.

Transport Economics

Our work on this theme centres around economic analyses of the transport and mobility sector. CE Delft can deliver research and consultancy on external and infrastructure costs, the cost-effectiveness and design of pricing instruments, the cost-effectiveness of technical measures and government policy, and broader economic impacts, on employment, for example.

Over the past 20 years CE Delft has built up extensive expertise on these issues. We carry out robust applied research and consultancy projects for a wide range of national and international clients.

Key fields of expertise

  • External transport costs (environmental impacts, traffic safety, congestion, etc.)
  • Pricing policy
  • Integration of technical, economic, environmental and policy know-how


It is hard to envisage a world without aviation. It connects people and economies and plays a pivotal role in today’s society, yet we still haven’t found a simple, affordable way to make it sustainable on any meaningful scale.

Sustainable development of aviation requires careful balancing of its up- and downsides. We have many years of experience in this field and are well-versed in international aviation as well as the challenges facing airports. In our work we consider both environmental impacts (climate, noise, air pollution) and economic aspects (direct and indirect employment and added value, spillover effects).


Sustainable Urban Mobility

Increasingly, towns and cities are looking for ways to combine reliable accessibility with sustainability. Besides their knowledge of mobility and logistics, CE Delft’s specialists have in-depth know-how on (transport) economics and technology as well as extensive knowledge of fuels and renewable energy.

To achieve sustainable mobility means adopting an integrated approach across various policy areas: cycling policy, public transport, parking policy, transport chains, urban logistics, event traffic protocols, workplace policies, electric vehicles and low-emission zones, to name a few. Besides COemissions reduction, air quality, noise nuisance, safety, accessibility and spatial planning are also involved.

Thanks to its independent position, extensive know-how and wide experience, CE Delft offers clients robust analysis and advice, creating insight into current and future trends.

We deliver solutions for every aspect and phase of the transition to sustainable mobility.

Key fields of expertise

  • Active mobility and innovative transport concepts
  • The broader perspective: spatial planning, the economy and so on
  • Process issues

Freight Transport

Improving the sustainability of freight transport is a major challenge for both government and industry. CE Delft supports clients with research and consulting services on reducing the air-pollutant and CO2 emissions of the logistics sector.

Goederenvervoer thema

CE Delft has extensive knowledge on freight transport emissions (vans, trucks, rail, aviation, inland and maritime shipping) and the factors governing them. We calculate the carbon footprint of logistical activities and identify ways to reduce it (alternative vehicles and energy carriers, modal shifts, logistical optimisation, etc.) along with their respective cost and impact.

We’re equally at home in urban logistics and international and hinterland transport.

Key fields of expertise

    • Detailed emission factors for all transport modes (our STREAM Handbook)
    • footprints and costs of existing and future modes
    • Roll-out of zero-emission zones, logistical hubs and other key issues

Passenger Transport

At the heart of our research and consultancy on this theme is the drive to reduce the CO2 and air pollutant emissions of passenger vehicles, but we also have substantial expertise on the impacts of policies and technical measures on noise, traffic safety and congestion.

We conduct policy studies for government, from the EU through to local authorities, and provide policymakers with building blocks like easy-to-consult vehicle emission tables, surveys of new technologies and barriers to their implementation. We carry out projects for companies (e.g. fleet owners, vehicle importers and providers of new mobility services) and trade associations, developing mobility scans or tools for quantifying carbon footprints or costs, for example.

Key fields of expertise

  • Vehicle standards
  • Electric  vehicles
  • Influencing mobility choices

Renewable Transport Fuels

Fossil fuels still dominate the fuel mix, but climate targets demand a steady increase of the share of renewable energy in transport. CE Delft has extensive expertise on this challenging issue, where technology and policy meet high ambitions.

Because of price differentials, growth of renewable energy is still overly dependent on government policy. CE Delft is equally at home on national policy (e.g. mandatory reporting for companies) and European policy (e.g. Renewable Energy and Fuel Quality directives) and provides research and consulting services on use of renewable fuels in road transport, aviation and maritime shipping.

Key fields of expertise

  • Effective and cost-efficient use of renewable fuels
  • Infrastructure and production capacity
  • Relationships with vehicle park trends and vehicle parameters
  • Biomass availability and sustainability criteria
  • Investment outlay and user costs