International Energy

In the transition to sustainable energy systems the international dimension is obviously paramount. CE Delft’s work in this area is concerned primarily with European energy and climate policy, which drives numerous national policy developments as well as strategic decisions and investments by market parties.

On this theme CE Delft works on European policy trends for clients like the European Commission, the European Environmental Agency, EEA, and NGOs. We also support national governments and companies with research and consultancy on European policy developments of particular relevance to them.

European legislation lays down targets, standards and criteria for energy efficiency, renewable energy and CO2 emissions. In addition, the energy infrastructure of individual member states in north-west Europe is becoming ever more integrated. Policies in this area are currently very much on the move. While current policy for the period up to 2030 is being rolled out, efforts are already underway to speed up progress by further tightening of EU energy and climate targets as well as by other means.

With our robust know-how, experience and network in the European energy field we support both European and national clients. In this work we generally collaborate with our colleagues working on other themes, in the realm of energy supply , industry and mobility, or economic themes.

Key fields of expertise

  • Consequences of the European Green Deal for energy and climate policy in individual sectors
  • Transition from fossil to renewable energy sources
  • Changes to (international) infrastructures for electricity, heat, gases and transport energy
  • Energy efficiency in the energy chain and at end-users (households, commerce, industry)
  • Potential role of prosumers in European energy systems

Local Energy Transition

With the national Climate Agreement in place, it’s now up to municipalities to organise the heat transition in homes and other buildings and designate sites for wind and solar. CE Delft provides research and consulting services to help with design of local climate and sustainability policies and assess their effectiveness.

With our in-depth knowledge of policies and the policy cycle and our extensive know-how on technical and economic aspects of the energy transition, we can suggest policies best in line with municipal targets, if necessary calling in colleagues working on other themes like Sustainable Urban Mobility and Sustainable Procurement.

Key fields of expertise

  • Regional Energy Strategies (RES)
  • Heat transition visions
  • Connecting models with policy

Built Environment (national policy)

In its work on this theme CE Delft’s core mission is to work out the most effective national policies for speeding up the transition.

The energy transition poses major challenges for the wide array of stakeholders in the built environment. To achieve climate neutrality by 2050 will require major efforts on the part of municipalities, grid operators, energy companies and others. Backed up by our extensive expertise on allied themes like Energy Supply, Raw Material Supply Chains and Financial Instruments, we provide research and consulting services on national policies for reducing the ecological footprint of the built environment.

Key fields of expertise

  • Financial measures: affordability and effectiveness
  • Voluntary agreements and mandatory measures: assignment of responsibilities and additionality
  • Roll-out of legislation
  • Institutional change (e.g. administration and regulation of heat, hydrogen and gas grids)

Financial Instruments

We support our clients in the evaluation and design of policies in the realm of green taxation, energy subsidies, vehicle taxes, CO2 charges, biodiversity offsets (‘habitat banking’), funding instruments for nature and the environment and so on. Financial instruments are now part and parcel of modern climate and environmental policy.

Our strength lies in combining economic expertise with new insights from environmental and energy technologies, allowing integrated assessments of how policies play out in technical as well as behavioural terms. We deliver both ex-post policy reviews evaluating efficacy and cost-effectiveness and ex-ante advice on policy design. Thanks to our combined technical and economic expertise, we’re are also regularly asked by government departments for input on proposed new climate policy, as with the Dutch government’s response to the Urgenda court case and Green Deal measures in pursuit of the new national 55% CO2 reduction target for 2030.

CE Delft has built up a solid reputation as a source of independent advice on financial instruments. By joining forces with our technical experts working on Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), energy and transport we can rapidly get a handle on what works and what doestn’t, and can benefit from the latest technical understanding. In our work on this theme we use both standard and in-house assessment methods, economic models (E3ME, input-output tables, Merge, WorldScan), climate policy cost curves and extensive databases on the elasticities of energy use and environmental behaviour.

Clean Gases

Gases will continue to play a key role in tomorrow’s economy, but they ultimately need to be climate-neutral. Our work on the theme of Clean Gases is geared to research and consultancy on production and use of gaseous fuels: hydrogen, green gas and synthetic methane.

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CE Delft has wide experience in this field and offers research and consultancy in support of the transition to a climate-neutral gas supply. We have in-depth know-how on policy instruments, demand and production scenarios and manufacturing routes. We’re also thoroughly proficient in allied fields like the electricity supply, the greening of industry, raw material supply chains, financial instruments and renewable transport fuels.

Key fields of expertise

  • Choice between electrification and climate-neutral gases
  • Implications of the gas transition for gas infrastructure
  • Development of the hydrogen supply chain
  • Optimal use of biogenic gases

Sustainable Industry

Industry is a key motor of the economy but often a major emitter of greenhouse gases and air pollutants. Here, particularly, climate targets and the drive towards a circular economy present huge challenges. CE Delft provides research and consultancy services to meet these challenges.       

Industries are developing ever more concrete plans to reduce CO2 emissions, whether Individually or in clusters. Increasingly, too, they’re using the carbon footprint of their processes and products to steer company operations – not only in pursuit of their own green ambitions and demand from customers, but also because it can reduce costs and improve competitiveness.

CE Delft supports these ambitions using our expertise on industrial processes, supply chains, infrastructure and national and European policy. With a well-developed network of companies, government agencies and research institutes to consult, we deliver robust, realistic solutions. One of our strengths is identifying options to improve efficiency and reduce emissions through cooperation with adjacent companies. We can advise you on innovative options to make your energy consumption and feedstock use more sustainable – options that are often prove surprisingly realistic.

Key fields of expertise


The energy transition demands far-reaching changes in our energy supply. CE Delft advises clients based on robust know-how on all the many aspects of that transition, built up over decades of experience. It’s abundantly clear that a full switch to renewables will have huge consequences for the entire energy system.

Key fields of expertise

  • Transition to renewable energy sources
  • Modification of energy infrastructure
  • Flexibility and systems integration
  • demand and renewable capacity
  • Policy and societal consequences