At the request of the Directorate-General for Strategy and Governance of the Dutch Environment ministry, CE has run calculations on several potential policy instruments for reducing aviation emissions. All the policies considered respect the ‘Polluter Pays Principle’ and some may help achieve a further greening of the tax system.
The following policy instruments were reviewed:
The AERO model was used to calculate the impact of the various measures, examining impact on aviation demand, impact on emissions, cost and cost-effectiveness. The legal and politico-economic aspects of the various measures were also examined. Based on the computational results and the legal and political review, conclusions are drawn. Included as an appendix are a Factsheet on each of the measures.
In brief, the main conclusions are as follows: