The social value of green gas. Case studies for mobility, industry and built environment

There is limited availability of green gas, even by 2030. Demand in each sector in 2030 is estimated to exceed supply. Where this gas is used in the future has implications for the gas infrastructure and consequently for network operators. Enexis Group, in collaboration with Netbeheer Nederland, New Energy Coalition and Groen Gas Nederland, asked CE Delft to study the social value of green gas.

This study is based on case studies per sector where the social value is expected to be highest:

  • Heating for industrial processes;
  • Heating for houses in an old inner city (built environment);
  • Propulsion for large sea container ships (mobility).

The case studies compared the chain costs and emissions of a total of 14 applications.

Green gas for heating old inner cities is the most cost-effective application of green gas in 2030. Of the alternatives, green gas in a CHP boiler and green gas in a hybrid heat pump have the lowest additional chain costs. The adjustments to the current situation are minimal, which is important for support among residents. More homes can be heated with green gas by using hybrid heat pumps and insulation.