Hydrogen routes for the Netherlands. Blue, green and imports

International climate agreements require a rapid transition to a climate-neutral energy system, and recent analyses indicate there is a key role to be played by hydrogen. Developing a new energy chain involves major investments, though. This study examines the costs and barriers associated with developing three types of hydrogen chain:

  • blue hydrogen (using natural gas)
  • green hydrogren (using renewable energy)
  • imported hydrogen (using solar power).

The study indicates that the blue route is initially the most promising, particularly for industry and power generation. Around 2030 there comes a tipping point at which the renewables-based hydrogen routes become competitive, though, opening the gates for ever wider application in society at large.


Cor Leguijt

Hydrogen routes for the Netherlands
Hydrogen routes Netherlands Executive Summary

Authors CE

Cor Leguijt
Frans Rooijers
Thijs Scholten
Reinier van der Veen
Stefanie van de Water

Delft, June 2018