This report outlines the main trends projected for the Dutch energy-intensive industry between 2013 and 2030 based on:
To this end, the Dutch energy-intensive industry was divided into 10 sectors:
In consultation with the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, PBL, and using a macro-economic scenario developed by that agency, projected trends in added value, output and labour demand were calculated for each sector. These estimates were based on a combination of econometric analyses of sectoral production functions, price and income elasticities, a literature analysis of anticipated demand trends, and bottom-up adjustments based on interviews.
The study yielded figures for projected trends in output, added value and employment, as well as an overview of anticipated measures to cut the energy consumption and atmospheric emissions of these sectors.