In the context of agreements for the ‘Energy deal for sustainable growth’, grid operators Netbeheer Nederland commissioned CE Delft to develop five scenarios for the Dutch energy supply in 2030. These scenarios, drawn up In collaboration with DNV GL by means of ‘backcasting’, differ in the amount of decentralized production, share of renewables and CO2 emissions cuts. In each scenario the consequences for all elements of the energy system were calculated: demand for power, heat and transport. Besides physical aspects like grid capacities, installed capacity and required energy savings, financial differences between the scenarios were also considered.
The study, which represents an initial step towards facilitating the future energy supply, leads to a number of general conclusions about supply trends which grid operators and other stakeholders need to reckon with in the coming decades. These can be summarized in eleven recommendations for further study: