Large-scale batteries can play an important role in a sustainable and reliable energy system. They contribute to sustainable energy balancing: supply and demand per second, minute. CE Delft conducted a study for the Ministry of Economic Affairs and TKI Urban Energy on decreasing grid congestion and how much battery power can be realised for energy balancing economically.
The study focused primarily on large-scale batteries and grid congestion due to electricity off-take, and our conclusions are as follows:
This study is focused on grid congestion reduction, as its societal impacts are the most significant; for example, businesses cannot transition to sustainability or expand. In a subsequent study, research was conducted on generation grid congestion: Policy for large-scale batteries and generation grid congestion (only available in Dutch).