Policy tracks for the heat transition in the built environment. Background report

In 2050 the Netherlands’ built environment needs to be climate-neutral, with an interim target set for 2030. Municipal authorities are to take the lead. Despite every effort, current progress is still too slow and an additional basket of more coercive measures is required. To ensure sufficient support this will require subsidies, certainly in the initial phase.

In this report CE Delft sets out specific policy tracks for the Netherlands’ four largest municipalities (Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague and Utrecht) to support development of a coherent policy package for successful roll-out of the heat transition. These tracks were compared in terms of likelihood of success, freedom of choice, housing costs, budget needed to achieve housing-cost neutrality and Treasury support required to that end.