At the request of the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA), CE Delft has reviewed the infrastructure costs of road transport in EU member states and compared them with the revenues from taxes and charges paid by road vehicle users and operators. This was done for passenger cars, motorcycles, vans, buses and trucks.
The main conclusions of the study are as follows:
The results of this study have a margin of uncertainty, especially with respect to estimated infrastructure costs. This is because the reliability of statistics on infrastructure expenditure varies considerably across EU member states. Despite these uncertainties, though, the general conclusions of the study are robust.