At the request of T&E, the European federation for Transport and Environ-ment, CE Delft has investigated:
The results show that traffic noise increases the risk of health problems. Each year, over 245,000 Europeans could be afflicted with cardiovascular disease as a result of traffic noise. Around 20% of these run the risk of premature death due to a heart attack. A price tag can be put on the nuisance caused by this noise and the health effects to which it gives rise: in the EU the social costs associated with traffic noise are estimated to be around € 40 billion a year. It is relatively straightforward to reduce traffic noise, by implementing the latest technical advances in car and tyre production and road construction.