Driving renewable energy for transport

Next generation policy instruments for renewable transport (RES-T-NEXT)

Renewable energy sources in transport (RES-T) are crucial for mitigating climate change. As transport is currently almost entirely dependent on conventional fuels and, as such, has a significant share in global emissions, the transition to RES-T is an important aspect of broader climate policy. This transition requires changes in three dimensions: the vehicle fleet, energy infrastructure and energy carriers. The required changes depend on the technology pathway: battery-electric, hydrogen or biofuels. This study investigates the main barriers to each RES-T pathway and for all three dimensions, assesses individual policy instruments and defines an overall policy strategy to overcome these barriers. The main focus is on urban road transport.

Driving renewable energy for transport

Authors CE

Maarten 't Hoen
Huib van Essen
Anouk van Grinsven
Bettina Kampman
Matthijs Otten
Arno Schroten

Utrecht, November 2015