This report highlights the importance and urgency of addressing residential buildings in achieving net-zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions targets in 2050 and identifies key policy levers at the EU, national and local level and the potential of those levers to reduce GHG emissions.
The GHG emissions from the built environment consist of operational emissions from energy use for heating, cooling, hot water, cooking, lighting and appliances, as well as embedded emissions associated with materials and construction processes over the whole lifecycle of a building or energy infrastructure.
Under current policies, annual emissions from residential buildings will decrease by only 30% by 2050. To extend and enhance existing policies, a comprehensive policy package needs to be developed and implemented by the EU and by individual member states, comprising:
Climact (modelling): Quentin Jossen, Hugues de Meulemeester
Project coordination (The European Climate Foundation): Renée Bruel, Stijn Carton, Adeline Rochet, Ting Zhang